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ESCAPE THE HANGMAN

SPIN THE WHEEL


ALVIN AND THE CHIPMUNKS

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Present Perfect Simple Timeline

Tense Timeline
Tense Timeline

For example:
Q) Where's Jane?
A) She has gone out. She should be back in an hour.


We form the present perfect simple by using the auxilliary verb have/has and the -ed form of the regular verb (the past participle) irregular verb forms have to be learned:
Statements
+
Statements
-
Questions
Short answer
+
Short answer
-
I've worked.
I haven't worked.
Have I worked?
Yes, I have.
No, I haven't.
He's worked.
He hasn't worked.
Has he worked?
Yes, he has.
No, he hasn't.
She's worked.
She hasn't worked.
Has she worked?
Yes, she has.
No, she hasn't.
It's worked.
It hasn't worked.
Has it worked?
Yes, it has.
No, it hasn't.
You've worked.
You haven't worked.
Have you worked?
Yes you have.
No, you haven't.
We've worked.
We haven't worked.
Have we worked?
Yes we have.
No, we haven't.
They've worked.
They haven't worked.
Have they worked?
Yes they have.
No, they haven't.
The present perfect simple is used to discuss events that have just been completed at the moment of speaking.
For example:
Q) Have you done your homework?"
A) "Yes, I've just finished it."
It is often used to suggest that a past action still has an effect upon something happening in the present.
For example:
"The pound has fallen against the dollar."
It is also used to discuss unfinished time.
For example:
Q) Have you done your homework today?
A) No, I haven't done it yet.
Note - You are talking about today and today isn't finished, so you may do your homework later!
Q) Have you ever been to England?"
A) "Yes I have."
Note - You are talking about something that has happened in your life and your life isn't finished!
You can also use the present perfect to discuss something from the past but you don't want to say exactly when.
For example:
Q) "Are you learning any languages?"
A) "Yes, I've begun to learn English."
This tense is often used to discuss events that have been happening over a period of time, but aren't finished yet.
For example:
Q) "How long have you studied English for?"
A) "I've studied English for 2 years now."
However it is better (grammatically speaking) to use the **Present Perfect Continuous** to express yourself in this way.
For example:
Q) "How long have you been studying English for?" A) "I've been studying English for 2 years now."
Note! It is always for a length of time and since a point in time.

PRESENT PERFECT EXERCISES

Activity 1 Gap Filling

Activity 2 Quiz

Activity 3 Gap Filling

Activity 4 Complete sentences

Activity 5 test your knowledgeText


FOR / SINCE/ AGO/
SINCE versus FOR
A BUNCH OF INTERACTIVIES


HAVE YOU EVER ....SONG
I'VE SEEN IT ALL By Bjorn Bork. Video and fill in the gaps activity.
WHY I LOVE HER narrated by John Wayne with listening activities and video


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EL PRETÉRITO PERFECTO (Present Perfect)
El pretérito perfecto, se forma con el presente del verbo 'to have' a modo de auxiliar y el participio pasivo del verbo que se conjuga según la siguiente construcción:
to have + participio del verbo a conjugar


I have played
You have played
He has played
We have played
You have played
They have played
Yo he jugado
Tú has jugado
Él ha jugado
Nosotros hemos jugado
Vosotros habéis jugado
Ellos han jugado

La forma interrogativa, se obtiene anteponiendo el auxiliar al sujeto.
Have you played? / ¿Has jugado?
En la forma negativa se coloca 'not' después del auxiliar:
He has not played / Él no ha jugado
La forma interrogativa-negativa tiene la construcción auxiliar + not + sujeto
Haven't you played? / ¿No has jugado?
USO DEL PRETÉRITO PERFECTO (Present Perfect)
El ‘present perfect simple’ conecta / une el pasado y el presente de una manera parecida al pretérito perfecto en español. Si decimos que algo ha ocurrido ('has happened'), pensamos del pasado y del presente a la vez como si hiciesemos un puente del pasado al presente.


external image gram40_1.gif
Ejemplo:
- I can’t do my homework because I’ve lost my book.
- No puedo hacer mis deberes porque he perdido mi libro.

Así que muchas veces podemos cambiar una frase del ‘present perfect simple’ al ‘present simple’ y queda con un significado parecido.

I’ve lost my book external image flechader.gif I don’t have it now
Have you seen the new Leonardo Di Caprio film external image flechader.gif Do you know it .
Your sister has left the door open external image flechader.gif The door is open now
Hasn’t Danny got married yet? external image flechader.gif Is he still single?
I’ve finally found a job external image flechader.gif I have a job now

Usamos el present perfect simple para acciones en el pasado que tienen un significado o relevancia en la actualidad.

I’ve passed my driving test! / He aprobado el exámen de conducir
Have you seen the gorgeous new secretary? / ¿Has visto a la atractiva nueva secretaria?

A terrorist has bombed a bus (acción en el pasado que tiene un significado ahora)
Adolf Hitler bombed London (no tiene relevancia ahora)
EL PRETÉRITO PERFECTO PROGRESIVO (Present Perfect Continuous)
Tiene la siguiente construcción:
sujeto + pretérito perfecto de 'to be' + gerundio
I have been playing / He estado jugando
He has been playing / Él ha estado jugando
En la forma negativa se coloca 'not' después del auxiliar:
I have not been playing / No he estado jugando
La forma interrogativa, se construye invirtiendo la posición del sujeto y el auxiliar:
Have I been playing? / ¿He estado jugando?
La forma interrogativa-negativa sigue la misma construcción que en el pretérito perfecto
Haven't I been playing? / ¿No he estado jugando?
USO DEL PRETÉRITO PERFECTO PROGRESIVO
Se usa cuando se quiere expresar el sentido de la continuidad de una acción que ha comenzado en el pasado, que dura todavía en el presente y que incluso puede continuar en el futuro.
I have been studying English for two years / Estudio inglés desde hace dos años
(y continúo estudiándolo en la actualidad)
TIME EXPRESSIONS (Las expresiones de tiempo)
El ‘present perfect’ es usado frecuentemente con las siguientes expresiones de tiempo:
Ever and never
Have you ever been to Scotland? / ¿Has estado alguna vez en Escocia?
I’ve never eaten paella. / Nunca he comido paella.

Just
I’ve just made tea, would you like a cup? / Acabo de hacer té. ¿Quieres una taza?
Ana and Jesús have just had a baby / Ana y Jesús acaban de tener un niño.

Recently and lately
I’ve recently passed the F.C.E. exam and I’m studying for the C.A.E.
Acabo de aprobar el exámen de FCE y estoy estudiando para el CAE.
Have you seen John lately? / ¿Has visto a John ultimamente?

So far
I’ve had three beers so far this evening and it’s only eight o’clock!
He tomado hasta ahora tres cervezas esta tarde y sólo son las ocho.

Yet and already
'yet' - normalmente se utiliza en frases interrogativas y va al final de la oración . Se usa cuando esperamos que algo va a pasar en el futuro, no en el pasado ni en el presente.

Have you done your homework yet? / ¿Has terminado ya los deberes?
I don’t think Manoli has done the shopping yet. / Creo que Manoli todavía no ha hecho la compra.

'already' - se usa en frases afirmativas e interrogativas y normalmente va detrás de los verbos auxiliares o modales y delante de los demás verbos. Con 'already' decimos que algo está en el presente o el pasado, no en el futuro.

Yes, I’ve already finished my homework / Sí, ya he terminado mis deberes
En Inglés británico yet y already acompaña habitualmente a los tiempos perfectos. En Inglés Americano prefieren usar los tiempos pasados.
Compara:
Have you phoned your mother yet? (UK) external image flechader.gif Did you phone your mother yet? (USA)
I’ve already phoned her (UK) external image flechader.gif I already phoned her (USA)

Since and for
'For' - (how long something has lasted) Se usa para decir cuánto tiempo ha durado una acción. En español suele decirse ‘desde hace’.
We’ve had this computer for about six months. / Tenemos esta computadora desde hace unos seis meses.

'Since' - (when something started) Se usa como una referencia a un punto de tiempo cuando algo empezó. En español suele decirse ‘desde’ o ‘desde que’.

We’ve had this car since January / Tenemos este coche desde enero.

Comparar:
I’ve known Eric since 1989. external image flechader.gif I’ve known Eric for 15 years (si estamos en 2004)